Heaven, Paradise, and Jannat (arabic meaning: Garden) is a beautiful place in the Hereafter where all good people will abide in forever. On the Day of Judgement, each person will have to account for their deeds in this life. If their deeds have pleased Allah, they will be submitted into Paradise, and if they have displeased Allah they will enter Hell (or Jahannam in Arabic), a place of raging fires and never ending torture.
Each person should strive to eneter Paradise, which is forever, rather than pursue worldly pleasures that are only temporary and can never make you content. Heaven is Allah’s promise to all good believers, his reward to us for passing our tests in this life.
“The description of Paradise which the Muttaqoon have been promised is that in it are rivers of water, the taste and smell of which are never changed. Rivers of milk the taste of which will remain unchanged. Rivers of wine that will be delicious to those who drink from it and rivers of clear, pure honey. For them will be every kind of fruit and forgiveness form their Lord.”
What’s Required to Enter Paradise
According to the Qur’an, the basic criteria for salvation in afterlife is the belief in the six articles of faith which include:
- One God (Allah)
- The Quran as the Holy Book and it’s message
- Muhammad ﷺ as the last Messenger of God
These are the criteria that set Muslims aside from other religions, because while Christians and Jews believe in the other articles of faith such as the Angels, the Day of Judgement and the Afterlife, they reject the Quran, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and therefore Allah’s message.
It is important to note that the belief in these articles doesn’t guarantee heaven; rather this is the basis of belief. Our deeds and actions need to follow Allah’s message, and based on those as well Allah will decide where we are to spend our eternal life.
Those who spend their days (benevolently) in ease as well as in straitness, and those who restrain (their) anger and pardon men; and Allah loves the doers of good (to others). And those who when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their faults—and who forgives the faults but Allah, and (who) do not knowingly persist in what they have done. (As for) these—their reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and excellent is the reward of the laborers.
And certainly Allah made a covenant with the children of Israel, and We raised up among them twelve chieftains; and Allah said: Surely I am with you; if you keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and believe in My apostles and assist them and offer to Allah a goodly gift, I will most certainly cover your evil deeds, and I will most certainly cause you to enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, but whoever disbelieves from among you after that, he indeed shall lose the right way.
As in life there are many trials which one must face. This is also a condition individuals must encounter in order to enter Jannah.
Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: “When (will come) the help of Allah.” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!
Did ye think that ye would enter Heaven without Allah testing those of you who fought hard (In His Cause) and remained steadfast?
The Qur’an also asserts that those who reject the Messengers of God with their best knowledge are damned in afterlife and if they reject in front of the Messenger of God, then they also face dreadful fate in this world and in afterlife. Conversely, a person who discovers monotheism not having been reached by a messenger is called a Hanif.
Quranic Names Of Heaven
Jannat: This name has been used most commonly in the Qur’an and Hadith. (Al-Baqarah: 35, Al-e-Imran: 133, 142, Al-Maidah: 72)
Dar-us-Salam: This means the Home of Peace (Yunus: 25)
Jannat-ul-Khuld: The Eternal Gardens. (Al-Furqan: 15)
Darul-Maqamah: The Home (Fatir: 35)
Jannat-e-Adan: Gardens of Everlasting Bliss (Tauba: 72, Ar-Rad: 23)
Darul-Hywan: But verily the Home in the Hereafter;that is life indeed, if they but knew. (Al-Ankabut: 64)
Jannat-un-Naeem: The Gardens of Delight. (Al-Maida: 65 Yunus: 9 Al-Haj: 56)
Al-Maqam-al-Ameen: The House of Security (Ad-Dukhan: 51)
Jannat-ul-Mawa: Garden of Abode (An-Najm: 15)
Maqad-as-Sidq: Assembly of Truth (Al-Qawr: 55)
Qadam-as-Sidq: Assembly ofTruth (Al-Qawr:55)
Firdous: The Highest Gardens of the Heaven (Al-Kahaf: 107, Al-Muminoon: 11)
The Doors of Heaven
There are eight doors of Jannah. Their names are as following:
- Baabus Salaah: Those Muslims who were punctual in observing their Salaah will be granted entry through this door.
- Baabul Jihad: Those Muslims who participated in Jihad will be granted entry through this door.
- Baabus Sadaqah: Those Muslims who frequently gave Sadaqah will be admitted into Jannah through this door.
- Baabur Rayyaan: The Muslims who constantly observed the fast will be granted entry through this door.
- Baabul Hajj: Those Muslims who observe their annual pilgrimage will be admitted through this door.
- Baabul Kaazimeenal Ghaiz Wal ‘Aafina ‘Anin Naas: This door is reserved for those Muslims who suppress their anger and pardon others frequently.
- Baabul Aiman: This door is reserved for the entry of such Muslims who by virtue of their faith are saved from reckoning and chastisement.
- Baabuz Zikr: Those Muslims who excessively remembered Allah will be admitted through this door.
Heaven has eight doors: Whoever performed a perfect ablution and recited shahadah then all the eight doors of the heaven are thrust open for him; he may enter from whichever door he likes.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has also told us: When Ramadan comes round, the doors of the skies are opened. Another tradition has it that the doors of the Heaven are opened and those of the Fire are closed.
Width Of The Doors Of Heaven
By Him in whose hands my soul is, the distance between the two gate posts of paradise is like the distance between Mecca and Himyar or between Mecca and Basra.
The Width Of Heaven
Be you foremost (in seeking) forgiveness from your Lord, and a garden of Bliss the width of whereof is as the width of heaven and earth.
Harith’s (RA) mother came to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ , Harith had been martyred during the battle of Badr. She said: “O Prophet of Allah! You know how much I loved him. If his reward is heaven, than I will not cry but if not than you see what I will do before you.” Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “Is that just one heaven? There are very many heavens and your son is in the best of them, Al-Firdous Al-Aala.”
The Width Of Hundred Grades Of Heaven And Sublimity Of Firdaus
Indeed, there are hundred grades of the Heaven and the distance between the two grades is as great as between the heaven and earth. Allah has prepared these grades for those who perform Jihad in the way of Allah.
When you pray ask for Firdous, for it is in the middle of heaven and is higher in grade than the heaven and above Firdous is Allah’s throne, moreover the canals of heaven flow from Firdous.
Land And Weather Of Heaven
“And then I was showed in the heaven, I saw there were camps made of pearls and the soil was of musk.”
The Qur’an says of the dwellers of the heaven that they will see there neither the sun’s (excessive heat) nor the moon’s excessive cold.
Reclining therein on raised thrones, they will see there neither the excessive heat of the sun, nor the excessive bitter cold, (as in Paradise there is no sun and no moon)
Trees In Heaven
Indeed, there is a tree in heaven so big that if a person keeps riding on a brisk Madhamar (a specially bred horse) for a hundred years even then he would not reach the end of that tree.
Each Tree Is Of Gold
There is no tree in the heaven that does not have a trunk of gold.
How To Plant Trees In Heaven
In the night of Isra when I met Ibrahim (AS) he said: O Muhammad ﷺ tell your people that the heaven has pure soil and sweet water but the land is bare. If they want to plant trees in the heaven, they should say Subhan Allah Al-Hamdulillah and Allah Akbar.
Scent Of Heaven
The scent of the Heaven can be smelled from a distance of 70 years.
Sahih Al-Jame As-sagheer
Mansions In Heaven
Indeed, there will be a mansion made of pearls for a believer. It will be spread over an area of 60 miles, and in it will be the household of a believer who will visit them but they will not be able to see each other
No Sleep In Heaven
Sleep is the sister of death and the dwellers of the heaven will not sleep
The Bazaar Of Heaven
Indeed, there is a bazaar in the heaven where the dwellers of the Heaven will come on every Friday. The northerly wind will spray scent on them and this will enhance their beauty. And when they will return to their homes, their households will say “By Allah, your beauty has enhanced.” “So has yours,” they will return the compliment.
Sahih Muslim, Narrated by Anas bin Malik
In short, they will be overwhelmed by Allah’s favours.
And when you look, it is there you will see a bliss and a realm magnificent.
Gabriel’s (Jibrail’s) Impression Of Heaven
When Allah Almighty created the heaven and the hell, He asked Jibraeel to go and take a look at what He has prepared for believers in the Heaven. Jibraeel went and had a look at what was there in the Heaven, and then he came back and expressed himself thus: By your dignity! Whoever will hear of this Heaven will certainly strive for it. Then it was said that the road to the heaven is littered with hardships, and Jibraeel was asked to take another look at the Heaven. He came back and said, “By your dignity I am afraid that nobody will be able to enter it.
This means that the heaven is such a magnificent place that whoever knew of it would certainly strive for it, but when Allah Almighty ordained that the Heaven lies in facing trials and tribulations, Gibraeel (AS) thought that nobody might be able to enter it.