Along with Judaism and Christianity, Islam believes in monotheism: that there is just one God.
This belief is an essential part of the muslim faith, and the declaration of faith by every muslim, the Shahadah, clearly states that ‘There is no god but Allah’.
Islam came to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ at a time where there was much ignorance and idol worshipping was common, to the extent that the Holy Kabah was used as a shrine where the idol ‘Gods’ were displayed.
The Quran was revealed to stop people from worshipping multiple gods and remind them that there is just one God, the same God that had spoken to Jesus (Isa) and Moses (Musa) then spoke to Muhammad ﷺ to reconvey His message.
Derivation of the name ‘Allah’
The word ‘Allah’ in Arabic simply means “the (al) God (Ilah).” The term is related to Elohim, the Hebrew word for God. There are also the 99 names of Allah that exemplify his majesty and superiority.
It is important to note ‘Allah’ is not a different God from whom Christians and Jews believe in.
An interesting fact is that Jesus in Aramaic called God ‘Alaha’ when he referred to Him, very similar to the arabic word for God which is ‘Allah’!
In Hebrew, the word for God is ‘Alohim’, again very similar to the word ‘Allah’. Jews refer to God as Yahweh, among other names.
Just because of the language difference, people think Allah, Alaha, and Yahweh are different Gods, but in fact the words in their respective language all the mean and refer to the one and only ‘God’.
The Origins of Allah (God)
God is the all-powerful Creator of a perfect, ordered universe. He is transcendent and not a part of his creation, and has always existed and will always continue to exist. He is unique and invisible, but is always close to us and is present everywhere.
Quran quotes about God
“Allah. There is no god but He, the Living, the self-subsisting, the eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? His Throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme in glory.”
Hadith quotes about God
Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone who dies worshipping others along with Allah will definitely enter the Fire.”
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (RA). Sahih Bukhari.