There are six things that every muslim should believe in (also known as the Six Articles of Faith).
The Six Articles of Faith
- Allah: as the one and only God.
- The Quran: as Allah’s holy book and everything that Quran says.
- Muhammad ﷺ: as the messenger of Allah.
- Angels: created by Allah from light to worship and serve him as well as watch over his people.
- Predestination: the belief that Allah chooses our destiny for us and is watching and controlling everything.
- The Day of Judgement: the day when every person that ever lived will account for their deeds and be sent to Paradise or Hell.
Other articles of faith also include belief in:
- Death: what happens to us after we die, in the grave
- Afterlife: what it will be like in the afterlife in Heaven (Jannah) and Hell (Jahannum)
To deny any of these articles of faith is considered Shirk (Disbelief), which means to associate other things with Allah, and Shirk is considered the one thing that the all-Merciful Allah will not forgive on the Day of Judgement (Quran: 4:48).
Quran quotes about the Articles of Faith
“Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabeans [before Prophet Muhammad] – those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness – will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.”
Surah Al Baqarah 2:62
Hadith quotes about the Articles of Faith
“While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah upon him, there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of travel were visible on him, and none of us knew him.
He sat down close by the Prophet, peace and blessings upon him, rested his knees against his knees and placed his palms on his thighs, and said, O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.”
Muhammad said, “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity save Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah (alms), fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).”
Said he (the man), “You have spoken truly.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him and telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).”
He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.”
He said, “You have spoken truly.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.”
He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, ” It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.”
He said, “Inform me about the Hour (time of the resurrection).”
He (the Messenger of Allah) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.”
So he said, “Well, inform me about the signs thereof (i.e. of its coming).” Said he, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.”
Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Messenger of Allah) said, “O ‘Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion.”
Narrated by Umar. Sahih Muslim.