Overview of the Quran

By June 12, 2014Quran

Belief in the Quran

The Qur’an, whose name means “recitation” in Arabic, is the sacred text of Islam and the highest authority in both religious and legal matters.

Muslims believe the Qur’an to be a flawless record of the Angel Gabriel’s revelations to Muhammad ﷺ from 610 until his death in 632 AD. It is also believed to be a perfect copy of a heavenly Qur’an that has existed eternally (a small sect rejects this doctrine because it is seen as interfering with the sole divinity of God.)

The name of the Quran

The Qur’an’s name is derived from the Gabriel’s initial command to Muhammad ﷺ to “Recite!” Recitation is a fundamental concept associated with the Qur’an. The first followers of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ memorized his recitation in order to recite it to others, following an established Arabic method for preserving poetry.

Recording

The revelation was put in writing shortly after Muhammad ﷺ’s death to preserve the content from corruption, but it is still regarded as most authentic when recited aloud. Professional reciters of the Qur’an (qurra’) are held in very high esteem, and have often been influential in deciding matters of doctrine or policy.

Structure

The Qur’an is divided into 114 surahs (chapters) of widely varying length, which, with the exception of the opening surah (fatihah), are generally arranged from longest to shortest. As the shortest chapters seem to date from the earlier period of Muhammad ﷺ’s revelation, this arrangement results in a reverse chronological order.


Quran quotes

In almost innumerable verses, the Quran unequivocally proclaims its Divine origin. Some of them are mentioned here:

“This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil).”
(Quran 2 : 2)

“A book which We have revealed unto thee (Muhammad ﷺ) that thereby thou mayst bring forth mankind from darkness unto light, by the permission of their Lord, unto the path of the Exalted in power, Worthy of all praise.”
(Quran 14:1)

It describes itself as discernment (Furqan) between truth and error :

“Truth has come and error has vanished; verily error is ephemeral.”
(Quran 27 : 73)

“And say: the Truth is from your Lord. Let him the who cares to believe, believe ; and let him who will not care to believe, believe not.” “Here is a Book whose verses are perfect in their form and content and are set forth clearly by one who is All-wise and All-informed.”
(Quran 2:1)

Even though the Quran discusses a multitude of subjects and all facets of life and sometimes in great detail, it makes a bold claim that no contradiction or inconsistency can ever be found in it. It says:

“Had it (the Quran) been from any source other than God, you would have found many contradictions in it.”

The Quran describes itself as a Light, a clear guidance and a blessed Book.

“It is a blessed Book which We have revealed, so follow it,” This Quran verily guideth to the path, which is perfectly straight and announces to believers who do what is right, for them there is a great reward.”
(Quran 17 : 9)

“These are the verses of the Quran — the lucid Book offering guidance and good tidings to the Believers.” “The Quran is an Admonition and a reminder.”
(Quran 27:1)

“And say (O Muhammad ﷺ); The Quran hath been revealed to me that I should warn you by it and also those whom it may reach.”
(Quran 6:18)

“It hath come down from the Lord of all domains of existence,will you deny the gift that is with one?”
(Quran 36. 80-82)

The Quran cautions that if you will believe you will attain success and sublimity but if you will follow Satan, his associates and progeny. you will end in Hell.

The Quran is a blessing, a healing and a mercy We sent down through the Quran a healing and a mercy to the believers which causes distress to the wicked.”
(Quran 17 : 82)

The Quran says that no power on earth can produce a Book like itself:

“Say : ‘Should men join together and attempt to produce the like of this Quran, they cannot produce a like of it, however much the one group may help the other.”
(Quran 17: 88)

“if ye be in doubt about what we have sent down to Our servant (Prophet Muhammad ﷺ), then, produce a chapter one like it, and invite any helper, for you other than God to help you, if you think you are right. And if you do it not and never shall you be able to do it, then fear the Fire.”
(Quran 2 : 23-24)

The Quran says that no falsehood can ever touch it :”Indeed in (We do see) those who believe not in the warning (of the Quran) after it had come to them. And there is not doubt that the Quran is a mighty book (of guidance). Falsehood shall not touch it, whether it cometh in front of it or from behind it; it hath come down from the Wise, the Praiseworthy,”
(Quran 41 : 41-42)

“Had We sent down this Quran to a mountain, thou should certainly have seen it humbling itself and crumbling down for the fear of God. Such are the parables that We offer to men that they may reflect.”


Hadith quotes

Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]